Cold-weather states that have to use a heavy dose of salt in the winter are sometimes referred to as the “salt belt.” Every now and again you’ll see a recall or investigation that is limited to this this specific region.
Understandably, the “salt belt” is also known as the “rust belt.”
“The biggest threat salt poses to a vehicle is rust, which is accelerated by repeated exposure to salt. Rust on certain parts of a car can create a slew of problems ranging from hydraulic brake system leaks to subframe damage.” — Accuweather.com
The states in this belt are, as you’d expect, found in New England, the Mid-Atlantic and the upper Midwest. The belt, however, sometimes grows or shrinks depending on the recall.
The “Salt Belt” 21
Here are the 21 states (plus one district) that you’ll almost always see listed as part of the “salt belt”:
Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Washington D.C.
Depending on what models are being recalled, Canada can be included too because, well … it’s Canada and it snows a lot there.
“Why isn’t Alaska on the primary [salt belt] list? Maybe Alaskans don’t like road salt. Maybe they just ride around on polar bears all winter. I’ve never been, so I can’t say for sure.”
Other states such as Alaska, Colorado, Kansas, Kentucky, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah are also sometimes considered part of the “salt belt.”
Why isn’t Alaska, our northernmost and one of the snowiest states, on the primary list? I’m not really sure. Maybe Alaskans don’t like road salt. Maybe they just ride around on polar bears all winter. I’ve never been, so I can’t say for sure.
The Reason For All This Salt
Salt is used on roads because it helps lower the melting point of ice, to a point. A 10% salt solution will lower water’s freezing point from 32 F (0 C) to 20 F (–6 C). But once it starts to get colder things get a little science-y and salt’s effectiveness starts to fade.
How Salt Affects Your Car
Salt has a nasty habit of finding places where it can do the most damage. Take that small nick in the paint of your car that came courtesy of a rogue shopping cart. Salt will nestle in past the paint, attach itself top your car’s exposed metal frame and eat that sucker dry. Salt will also eat through:
- Your paint, if you haven’t properly waxed
- Your struts and shocks
- Fuel tanks and other components if there are bad welds
- Brake lines and other good times
To combat salt corrosive awfulness, manufacturers will sometimes treat your car with anti-rust sprays, zinc-rich galvanizing compounds and rubberized underbody coatings that work … for a while. Sometimes you’ll even receive an anti-corrosion warranty with a new car that lasts a couple years.
Preventing Rust and Corrosion on Your Car
Your best bet is to wax your car before winter and then regularly wash it, when you can, throughout the cold months.
Some say that salt’s corrosive properties slow down once the salt dries into a crusty white dust all over your car. Those people are very wrong and you should never take advice from them again.
“Go through a car wash that has an under-spray,” says Manager of Vehicle Services at Firestone Complete AutoCare, Joe Roger “That will try to reduce the chances that all that salt and salt water will get on the vehicle and start to corrode.”
Salt Belt News
Bosch Power Steering Bolts Cause Recalls More than 550,000 vehicles affected by bolts that can corrode and cause a loss of power steering.
— Bosch is recalling nearly 558,000 electric power steering systems with aluminum mounting bolts that can corrode and break, allowing the steering gears to detach and causing the vehicles to lose power steering. Bosch says the ...
Tesla Recalls 123,000 Model S Cars Over Power Steering Tesla says power steering bolts can corrode due to road salt, causing a loss of power steering.
— Tesla is recalling about 123,000 Model S cars built before April 2016 because of power steering problems. Tesla says a driver may need to use more force when steering the car, especially at slow speeds or when trying to do ...
303,000 Ram 1500 Trucks Recalled For Sagging Gas Tanks Chrysler recalls Ram 1500 trucks with brackets that may allow the fuel tanks to sag and drop off.
— Fiat Chrysler (FCA US) is recalling 303,000 Ram 1500 trucks because the gas tanks can sag and possibly fall off due to corroded brackets. The 2009-2012 Ram 1500 trucks are recalled only in the following states where road salt ...
Nissan Versa Coil Spring Recall Expanded Nissan Versa hatchback coil spring recall ordered after corrosion causes springs to break.
— Nissan Versa hatchback coil springs have caused a recall of more than 1,100 model year 2012 cars because of corrosion from road salt. The regional Versa hatchback recall is related to a 2015 recall of 218,000 model year 2007-2012 ...
Kia Recalls Sportage SUVs After 9 Engine Fire Complaints Kia Sportage engine fires cause recall to fix problems related to salt water and short circuits.
— Kia is recalling more than 71,700 model year 2008-2009 Kia Sportage SUVs after nine customers reported engine fires caused by salt water shorting out circuit boards. Kia says corrosion to the wire harness connector pins in ...