1991 Dodge Grand Caravan

7 Defect Investigations from the NHTSA

NHTSA Defect Investigations for the 1991 Dodge Grand Caravan

The Office of Defects Investigations (ODI) is an office within the NHTSA which investigates serious safety problems in the design, construction or performance of vehicles. The NHTSA is authorized to order manufacturers to recall and repair vehicles, if the ODI finds a safety issue. NHTSA investigations for the 1991 Dodge Grand Caravan, both ongoing and closed, are listed below:


    NHTSA Preliminary Evaluation #PE96008

    • Status:
    • Date Opened: January 25, 1996
    • Date Closed: June 28, 1996
    • Recall: No recall issued

    Component(s): Seat Belts

    Summary: There is no summary currently available


    NHTSA Engineering Analysis #EA97005

    Component(s): Seat Belts:Front:Anchorage

    Summary: There is no summary currently available


    NHTSA Engineering Analysis #EA94028

    Component(s): Service Brakes, Hydraulic

    Summary: There is no summary currently available


    NHTSA Preliminary Evaluation #PE94024

    • Status:
    • Date Opened: March 07, 1994
    • Date Closed: July 29, 1994
    • Recall: No recall issued

    Component(s): Service Brakes, Hydraulic

    Summary: There is no summary currently available


    NHTSA Engineering Analysis #EA95029

    Component(s): Steering

    Summary: After an extensive investigation and analysis, Chrysler has identified the defect as a fatigue failure, origination in the heat affected region of the "projection welds" of the steering wheel "hub" to steering wheel "armature" attachment.the hub is the portion of the steering wheel assembly that connects it to the steering column shaft and is attached to the underside of the steering wheel assembly by 4 welds.if cracks develop in the heat affected region of the welds and propagate through the steering wheel armature to each of the welds, the steering wheel can separate from the hub.this is a slow progressive failure which normally occurs at high mileage.in some cases complainants have reported a looseness or wobbling of the steering wheel prior to separation.to remedy this defect, Chrysler will inspect the steering wheels of the affected vehicles for cracks in the hub area.if any cracks are found, the steering wheel will be replaced.all other vehicles will have reinforcing plates installed which would prevent a steering wheel separation should cracking occur.


    NHTSA Engineering Analysis #EA94005

    Component(s): Structure

    Summary: Liftgate latches in the subject vehicles have failed in low and moderate speed impacts resulting in occupant ejections, injuries, and fatalities.there are two failure modes associated with latch failure: Fork bolt-detent lever bypass, and inertial unlatching.NHTSA analyses of Chrysler and peer minivans took the form of static and dynamic crash testing, engineering evaluations, complaint and field analyses, and real world data analyses.a technical report discussing these analyses can be found in the engineering analysis technical report in the public viewing file.Chrysler has advised NHTSA that it will conduct a campaign to replace the latches on all the subject vehicles.the Chrysler campaign will consist of notification letters to all owners; free replacement of all latches with stronger, safer latches regardless of the age of the minivans; national advertising to promote customer awareness of the campaign; quarterly reports regarding campaign completion rates; as well as additional measures to ensure a high completion rate, above and beyond the actions that normally would be taken in a formal safety recall.these include follow up written and telephonic notifications to owners who do not bring their vehicles in for corrective action.NHTSA firmly believes that the crash performance of the latches on these minivans raises serious safety concerns, and that the campaign addresses these concerns.the Chrysler corrective action will increase the strength of the liftgate latches and decrease the potential for inertial unlatching, thereby reducing the risk of crash-related openings of the liftgate and possible occupant ejection through the liftgate opening.owners of Chrysler minivans will get a stronger, safer latch free of charge at the earliest possible time, without the need for further technical investigation and complex and time-consuming litigation with an uncertain outcome.based on the above, ODI is closing this investigation.


    NHTSA Defect Investigation #RQ99004

    • Status:
    • Date Opened: April 19, 1999
    • Date Closed: N/A
    • Recall: No recall yet

    Component(s): Structure:Body:Hatchback/Liftgate:Support Device

    Summary: On May 7, 1997, Chrysler filed a defect information report to recall 436,000 1992 Dodge Caravan/Grand Caravan, Plymouth Voyager/Grand Voyager and Chrysler town and country vehicles to repair the liftgate supports; safety recall 97V-079.ODI had investigation the rear liftgate support problem for 1991-1993 Chrysler minivans in PE 96-035 and EA96-027.at the time of closing EA96-027 on May 16, 1997, a safety related defect trend had not been identified on the 1991 and 1993 models.since the closing of EA96-027, ODI has received 34 complaints of rear liftgate support attaching bolt failures, including ten injuries, on the subjecet vehicles.it is recommended that a recall query be opened to determine the scope of liftgate support failures on the subject vehicles.closing note: On July 19, 1999, damilerchrysler agreed to recall 1991, 1993, and 1994 model year vehicles to remedy rear liftgate supports; safety recall 99V-213.it is recommended that RQ99-004 be closed.

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