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NHTSA Defect Investigations for the 1985 Ford E-150

The Office of Defects Investigations (ODI) is an office within the NHTSA which investigates serious safety problems in the design, construction or performance of vehicles. The NHTSA is authorized to order manufacturers to recall and repair vehicles, if the ODI finds a safety issue. NHTSA investigations for the 1985 Ford E-150, both ongoing and closed, are listed below:

  1. INVESTIGATION: FUEL TANK OVERPRESSURIZATI

    NHTSA Preliminary Evaluation #PE88054

    • Status:
      CLOSED
    • Date Opened: May 16, 1988
    • Date Closed: March 01, 1989
    • Recall: No recall issued

    Component(s): Vehicle Speed Control:Linkages

    Summary: There is no summary currently available

  2. INVESTIGATION: FUEL EXPULSION

    NHTSA Engineering Analysis #EA87019

    • Status:
      CLOSED
    • Date Opened: April 30, 1987
    • Date Closed: October 23, 1987
    • Recall: No recall issued

    Component(s): Vehicle Speed Control:Linkages

    Summary: Synopsis: Under certain operating conditions, fuel is expelled from thefuel filler pipe, when the filler cap is removed. It has been reportedthat vehicle fires and personal injuries have resulted. The problemappears to be one of excessive heat collecting under the vehicles, usuallywhile stationary with the engines idling or being operated under extremeservice conditions. This heat causes the fuel to vaporize in the fueltank and develop pressures in excess of what the fuel tank vent systemcan handle.status: By letter dated 9/9/87, Ford notified NHTSA of recall of 188,000E-250 & E-350 vehicles to install partial version of M-53A ambulance recallkit(87V-144)===

  3. INVESTIGATION: FUEL LEAKS/FIRES

    NHTSA Preliminary Evaluation #PE87017

    • Status:
      CLOSED
    • Date Opened: January 28, 1987
    • Date Closed: May 26, 1987
    • Recall: No recall issued

    Component(s): Vehicle Speed Control:Linkages

    Summary: Summary of information from manufacturer:instances were found wherespring lock couplings failed causing gasoline to be released throughoutthe engine compartment causing fires.leaks from fuel lines may also be acontributing cause to the engine compartment fires.---------------------------------------------------------------------------analysis:data indicates that the alleged problem may be caused by thespring lock "quick connect couplings" which connect the fuel supply andreturn lines to the engine as well as fuel leakage from the fuel lines.---------------------------------------------------------------------------proposed action: Upgrade this PE to an ea.(EA87-020)===

  4. INVESTIGATION: FILLER NECK SPURT

    NHTSA Engineering Analysis #EA87002

    • Status:
      CLOSED
    • Date Opened: November 04, 1986
    • Date Closed: April 29, 1987
    • Recall: No recall issued

    Component(s): Vehicle Speed Control:Linkages

    Summary: Summary of information from manufacturer:Ford has supplied information requested concerning vehicle populationand the number of complaints.analysis:the problem appears to be one of excessive heat collecting under thevehicles, usually while stationary with the engine idling.this heatcauses the fuel to vaporize in the fuel tank and develop pressures inexcess of what the vent system can handle.status:ir to Ford sent on 2/20/87. Meeting with Ford and final stage manufactur-ers held on March 11 & 12, 1987. Additional meeting held on March 7, 1987.also on April I, 1987.Ford announced service campaign, no safety recall.recall request letter sent on 4/7/87. Ford did not agree to a safetyrecall, consequently a panel meeting was held on 4/29/87 and investigativecase C87-003 was opened.this ea was closed as a result of the case open-ing on 4/27/87.===

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